BEAUTY & SPA MANICURES
Natural Nails - Without any enhancements
Artificial Nails - With enhancements (acrylics, tips, powders )
Nail Fungus Prevention - Healthy Nails (Keep hands & nails clean)
All About Nails
The nail has many soft tissue structures that help support and form the hard-outer nail, known as the nail plate. The attached figure depicts the gross structures described below.
The nail folds are soft tissue structures that protect the lateral and proximal edges of the nail plate. The proximal nail fold protects most of the nail matrix from trauma and ultraviolet rays.
The mantle is the skin covering the matrix and base of the nail plate.
The cuticle (also known as the eponychium) grows from the proximal nail bed and adheres to the nail plate. Together, the proximal nail fold and cuticle form a protective seal against any irritants that may disrupt the matrix underneath.
The nail matrix is located deep to the proximal nail fold and nail plate. The proximal nail matrix begins about halfway between the distal interphalangeal joint and the proximal nail fold. The distal nail matrix is visible through the nail plate as a white half-moon structure called the lunula. The nail matrix is responsible for the formation of the hard nail plate and is the only part of the nail unit that contains melanocytes. The nail cells, termed onychocytes, are pushed superficially and distally to form the nail plate. Different parts of the nail matrix form different sections of the nail plate. Generally, the dorsal aspect of the nail plate is formed from the proximal nail matrix, and the ventral nail plate is formed from the distal nail matrix. However, 80% of the nail plate is made from the proximal nail matrix. Therefore, a biopsy or surgery of the distal nail matrix will produce minimal damage to the nail plate.
The nail plate is the hard, keratinized structure made from compact onychocytes, organized in a lamellar pattern. The dorsal surface of the nail plate is smooth with longitudinal ridges. Below the nail plate are the nail bed and part of the nail matrix. The nail bed and nail folds act as strong attachment points that help the free edge of the nail function as a tool without loosening the nail plate or causing pain.
The nail bed is attached to the ventral surface of the nail plate and begins distal to the lunula and terminates at the hyponychium. The nail plate is attached to the nail bed through longitudinal epidermal ridges. These ridges on the ventral nail plate surface are complementary to the ridges on the nail bed, which function to increase the surface area of the nail plate’s attachment to the underlying nail bed, thus augmenting the adhesion between these two surfaces. The nail bed does not produce a stratum corneum since the keratins necessary for the formation of this layer of the epidermis are not present. However, if onycholysis or loss of the nail plate occurs, the nail bed loses the longitudinal ridges and begins to express the keratins necessary to produce the stratum corneum. Below the nail bed is a thin layer of the collagenous dermis which adheres to the periosteum of the underlying distal phalanx. The lack of subcutaneous fat can increase the risk of osteomyelitis of the distal phalanx in the setting of a nail infection.
The hyponychium is the area distal to the nail bed and beneath the free edge of the nail plate.
The onychodermal band is part of the distal nail bed that is grossly represented in a contrasting color. It functions as the first barrier of protection on the free edge of the nail and is analogous to the cuticle. Changes in the color can correspond to different diseases or variations in vascular supply.
Good habits can help prevent nail fungus.
Clean any nail grooming tools before use. In commercial settings such as nail salons, sterilize nail grooming tools before use.
Reflexology is a system involving massage or a degree of pressure in certain areas of the body that is used to relieve tension, stress, anxiety, and other ailments. This system is based on the theory that there are specific places called “reflex points” on the feet, hands, and other areas that are linked to helping restore proper functioning of internal organs. It is certainly an alternative, non-mainstream treatment for anxiety that has evolved from ancient Chinese therapy.
The therapy is rooted in the touching of “reflex points” or “reflex zones” to stimulate various body organs. When these organs become stimulated via massage or pressure, this therapy is supposed to help restore the body’s natural energy flow so that it can maintain balance in both physical and mental functioning – promoting relaxation. One of the most common uses for this type of therapy is to help treat stress and anxiety.
Additionally, it may help to increase blood flow to the extremities, slow down heart rate, and decrease blood pressure. This massage work in this type of therapy is soft and has minimal pressure and feels soothing to the patient. For those who prefer a more holistic healthcare approach, this could be a promising natural treatment. No equipment is needed; just a trained professional. You should always consult with your Physician before utilizing any new treatment methods.
Reflexology, also known as zone therapy, is an alternative medicine involving application of pressure to the feet and hands with specific thumb, finger, and hand techniques without the use of oil or lotion. Reflexology is gentle manipulation or pressing on certain parts of the hand or foot to produce an effect elsewhere in the body.
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